Eastover Gardens Alzheimer Facility

What is dementia? | Guide to Understanding Dementia | Alzheimer’s Disease

Web Sites about Dementia | Download Other Brochures

areas of the brain affected by dementia Resources help us understand and cope with the multitude of issues that arise after a diagnosis of dementia. We have attempted to provide some organization so that you can easily choose exactly what you want to read or view. We hope that these different kinds of materials can also help you keep up with the latest medical advances as scientists continue to work toward better treatments and an eventual cure.
We will be adding resources as we become aware of new material. Please feel free to mail us and let us know if you have found another helpful resource not on our list and we will add it. E-mail >Ed Weeks
(Or copy and paste to your preferred e-mail.)

What is dementia?       Back to top
Dementia is not one disease. The term refers to a set of symptoms that are caused by changes in function of the brain. All of us experience lapses in memory as we age, but dementia interferes with a person’s ability to function well in daily activities.

There are many disorders that can cause dementia, but few are reversible. The Agency for Health Care Policy and Research has published guidelines for evaluating someone for dementia.

1) A person who has difficulties with one or more of the following activities should be evaluated for dementia:
  • learning and retaining new information
  • handling complex tasks
  • ability to reason
  • spatial ability and orientation
  • language
  • behavior
These are described with examples in the following Special Report from Johns Hopkins Health Alert.

2) The report also contains a comparison chart called Distinguishing Normal “Senior Moments” From More Worrisome Memory Lapses. It compares normal age-related forgetfulness with mild cognitive impairment and dementia.

3) Described as well is the process of systematic elimination to distinguish between age-associated memory impairment and dementia. Doctors look for reversible conditions like depression first which can complicate diagnosis if it is present in addition to some form of dementia. After doctors eliminate treatable conditions that cause memory loss, doctors look for irreversible causes of memory loss. Well-known conditions such as Alzheimer’s Disease, stroke and other vascular abnormalities, dementia with Lewy bodies, and Parkinson disease can be irreversible causes of memory loss. Less common disorders, such as frontotemporal dementia (e.g. Pick disease), and Huntington’s disease are also causes. Infectious diseases such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and AIDS are other causes. The report describes the different kinds of dementia other than Alzheimer’s.

4) Included as well are some simple low-tech screening tests for measuring cognitive impairment.

Download here.
Guide to Understanding Dementia       Back to top
at http://www.johnsHopkinsHealthAlerts.com

Alzheimer’s disease is a brain disorder first described in 1906 by Dr. Alois Alzheimer. We know that is progressive and that it is the most common form of dementia (loss of memory and other intellectual abilities). It gets worse over time and causes problems with thinking and behavior that affect one suffering from this disease at every level: work, social life, and eventually even the ability to communicate at all.

You can see in the illustration the overall shrinkage of brain tissue that occurs as the sulci (grooves in the brain) widen and the gyri (folds of the brain’s outer layer) shrink. We can see, also that the ventricles (inner chambers of the brain that contain cerebrospinal fluid) are enlarged in the brain of the person with Alzheimer’s.

We will be adding resources as we become aware of new material. Please feel free to mail us and let us know if you have found another helpful resource not on our list and we will add it.
Web sites        Back to top

The Johns Hopkins Health Alerts web site (http://www.johnshopkinshealthalerts.com) is a free service of University Health Publishing and Johns Hopkins Medicine. Two sections deal specifically with memory.

The following Memory Special Report is derived from The Johns Hopkins White Paper 2007: Memory.

Memory Loss, Alzheimer’s and Dementia Glossary

All Johns Hopkins Memory Special Reports can be accessed from this page.

All Johns Hopkins Memory Reports can be accessed from this page.

Johns Hopkins Health Alerts Topics Page on Alzheimer’s is found at:

has descriptions of a number of different types of dementia and a lot of technical information about causes and stages in several sections.


Alzheimer’s Association (http://alz.org)
Alzheimer’s Association is the leading voluntary health organization in Alzheimer care, support and research. Their stated mission is to eliminate Alzheimer’s disease through the advancement of research; to provide and enhance care and support for all affected; and to reduce the risk of dementia through the promotion of brain health.

Several of the following links are to specific sections of the Alzheimer’s Association site.

Related Dementias (http://www.alz.org/alzheimers_disease_related_diseases.asp)
Dementia is the general term for loss of memory and mental abilities to the extent that one has trouble functioning in daily life. It is caused by physical changes in the brain. This web page has links to brief descriptions of dementia other than Alzheimer’s. Alzheimer’s disease, however, accounts for 60 to 80 percent of cases.

The Alzheimer’s Association Green-Field Library provides a wide variety of free information services to the public. (http://www.alz.org/library/index.asp)

The U.S. National Institute of Health’s NIA (National Institute of Aging) has free publications on Altzheimer’s and many age-related issues, information about research and clinical trials. (http://www.nia.nih.gov/)

The Alzheimer’s Disease Education and Referral (ADEAR) Center web site offers current, comprehensive Alzheimer’s disease (AD) information and resources from the National Institute on Aging (NIA). (http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers)

In their March, 2010 Bulletin, The AARP (American Association of Retired Persons) has an excellent article on treatment of Alzheimer’s touting cognitive stimulation and exercise as good treatments, more effective than many medications. (http://www.aarp.org/relationships/caregiving/info-03-2010/nonmedical_therapies_for_alzheimer_s_disease_get_scientific_backing.1.html)

Download Other Brochures & Checklists       Back to top

The brochures from the Alzheimer’s Association web site can also be accessed along with additional ones at their publications page:

10 Warning Signs of Alzheimer’s Disease

Basics of Alzheimer’s Disease


Behaviors (What causes dementia-related behavior like aggression and how to respond)

10 Symptoms of Caregiver Stress

Respite Care Guide (What’s Best for You)

If You Have Dementia
Principles for a Dignified Diagnosis (the first statement of its kind written by people with dementia on the subject of the Alzheimer diagnosis experience)

Younger-Onset Alzheimer’s

Early-Stage Alzheimer’s (What you should know, what you should do)

PARTNERING WITH YOUR DOCTOR: A Guide for Persons with memory Problems and Their Care Partners

Preparing for Your Doctor’s Visit Checklist       

Back to top

Home | Our FacilityMission StatementAbout UsSafety FeaturesPhoto GalleriesSitemap
Finding a PlaceLevels of CareTake a Tour | News & EventsSpecial FeatureCalendar | Our Partners
ResourcesWhat is dementia?Books about Alzheimer’sVideos about Alzheimer’s | Contact Us
COPYRIGHT ©2009 Eastover Gardens All Rights Reserved